Jacques Attali, born in Algiers on 1st November 1943, is an intellectual, economist, philosopher and historian. He taught Economic Theory at the École Polytechnique and Paris-Dauphine University. Editorialist of “Express”, he has written dozens of books, translated into more than twenty languages, including essays, novels, children’s books, biographies and theatrical works. He became political advisor to François Mitterand during his first office as President (1981-1990), and in 1991 was appointed Chairman of the EBRD - European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in London, the financial institute created at Attali’s own initiative by Western governments to accompany the countries of Central Europe and the ex-Soviet Union in their transition towards a free market economy. He remained in office until 1994. Unanimously considered one of the world’s greatest experts in economics and international relations, he was directly chosen in 2007 by President Nicholas Sarkozy to chair the “Commission pour la libération de la croissance française” (Commission for the freedom of growth).